A new medical study has shown that utilizing progesterone gel in pregnant women that are at high risk for delivering prematurely could cause a reduction in the early births.
Premature babies have a substantial risk of developing several different medical problems including blindness, breathing issues, and learning disabilities. A little over 12 percent of the births in the United States occur prematurely, and the exact cause is not known.
There are some risk factors that can contribute, such as a multiple birth, uterus or cervical problems, and a woman who has previously delivered early.
The 458 participants in this recent study were considered high risk because they had a cervix that was short.
Certain levels of progesterone are required for a pregnancy to be successful, and a cervix that is short is usually an indicator that the levels are lower than needed. Some of the participants received a vaginal placebo gel, and others received the progesterone gel between week 19 and 23 of their pregnancy.
The results of this study indicated that the participants that received the progesterone gel had a risk reduction of 45 percent.
The study also showed that the progesterone lowered the risk of the babies developing respiratory distress.